Pembrolizumab as Adjuvant for Triple Receptor Negative Breast

A Randomized, Phase III Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) as Adjuvant Therapy for Triple Receptor-Negative Breast Cancer With ≥ 1 cm Residual Invasive Cancer or Positive Lymph Nodes (ypN+) After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

November 22, 2017

  • Clinical Trial Information

    Trial Contact: Morales, Leticia; Pelley, Jennifer; Jobson, Gillian S

    Trial Phone: 321.841.6696 ; 321.841.4348 ; 321.841.2285

  • IRB No: SWOG S1418

    Protocol Abbrev: SWOG S1418

    Principal Investigator: Regan Derek Rostorfer, MD

    Sub Investigators: Baidas, Said MD; Cuesta, Ana MD; Moroose, Rebecca MD; Shah, Nikita MD

    Phase: Drug: Phase III

    Age Group: Adult

    Secondary Protocol No: BR006

    Treatment: Oncology: Adjuvant

    Applicable Disease Sites: Breast Cancer

    Therapies Involved: Pembrolizumab

    ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02954874

  • Objective

    To compare invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) of patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who have either >= 1 cm residual invasive breast cancer and/or positive lymph nodes (> ypN+) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy randomized to receive 1 year of MK-3475 (pembrolizumab) adjuvant therapy compared to no MK-3475 (pembrolizumab), in both the entire study population and also in the PD-L1 positive subset.

  • Key Eligibility

    Patients must have histologically confirmed estrogen receptor (ER)-, progesterone receptor (PR)- and HER2-negative (triple-negative, TNBC) with residual invasive breast cancer, as defined by the 2010 and 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) College of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines, after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy; residual disease must be >= 1 cm in greatest dimension, and/or have positive lymph nodes (ypN+) observed on pathologic exam
    Patients must not have metastatic disease (i.e., must be M0)
    It is preferred that axillary lymph node sampling is performed after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy to allow more accurate assessment of pathologic response; patients must have a complete axillary lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the following situations (exceptions will be granted for patients participating in the Alliance A11202 trial):
    Patients had documented pathologic involvement of the axillary nodes (fine needle aspiration [FNA] or core biopsy) before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and had sentinel node biopsy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with positive sentinel node(s)
    ◦Patient had documented pathologic involvement of the axillary nodes (FNA or core biopsy) before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and had only 1 sentinel lymph node removed after neoadjuvant chemotherapy
    ◾NOTE: Patients who undergo sentinel node biopsy before starting neoadjuvant treatment and do not undergo post neoadjuvant assessment of the axillary nodes or who have negative axillary nodes on post neoadjuvant assessment must have >= 1 cm residual invasive cancer in the breast after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy

    Patients must have a minimum of five, available unstained slides from the residual (post-neoadjuvant) invasive tumor in primary site or lymph node to be submitted within 7 days after registration to determine PD-L1 expression; the tumor tissue must be adequate for PD-L1 testing, which typically requires a minimum of 100 cancer cells per slide
    Patients must have had neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery; the recommended neoadjuvant treatment should include 16-24 weeks of a third generation chemotherapy regimen as recommended by National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines for triple negative breast cancer (examples include dose dense adriamycin-cytoxan [AC] followed by dose-dense paclitaxel; weekly paclitaxel x 12 followed or preceded by cyclophosphamide-adriamycin-fluorouracil [FAC], fluorouracil-epirubicin-cytoxan [FEC], AC or dose dense AC; docetaxel either followed or preceded by FEC/FAC or AC; carboplatin-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy is also allowed); patients who cannot complete all planned treatment cycles for any reason are considered high risk and therefore are eligible for the study if they have residual disease; patients must have resolution of adverse event(s) of the most recent prior chemotherapy to grade 1 or less, except alopecia and =< grade 2 neuropathy which are allowed
    Patients may receive post-operative (adjuvant) chemotherapy for up to 24 weeks of duration (e.g. 8 cycles of capecitabine as in the CREATE-X trial) after completion of surgery at the discretion of the treating physician; patients must have resolution of adverse event(s) of the most recent prior chemotherapy to grade 1 or less, except alopecia and =< grade 2 neuropathy which are allowed; adjuvant chemotherapy, if administered, must have been completed within 35 days prior to screening registration and must be given prior to radiation
    Patients must have completed their final breast surgery (rendering them free from disease) with clear resection margins for invasive cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) within 90 days prior to screening registration for patients not receiving post-operative (adjuvant) chemotherapy, or within 210 days prior to screening registration for patients who have completed post-operative (adjuvant) chemotherapy; positive margins are allowed only if the surgical team of the patient deems further resection impossible
    Patients for whom radiation therapy (RT) to the affected breast or chest wall and regional nodal areas is clinically indicated as per NCCN treatment guidelines, should receive RT after randomization when possible, concomitant with MK-3475 (pembrolizumab) if randomized to the experimental arm; however, RT administered prior to registration is also allowed; patients must specify at the time of screening registration whether or not they will receive RT and the extent of intended RT
    Patients must not have had prior immunotherapy with anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-1, anti-CTLA4 or similar drugs; patients must not be planning to receive any of the prohibited therapies during the screening or treatment phases of the study
    •  Patients must not be planning to receive concomitantly other biologic therapy, hormonal therapy, other chemotherapy, surgery or other anti-cancer therapy except radiation therapy while receiving treatment on this protocol
    •  Patients must have Zubrod performance status =< 2
    Patients must not have a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or evidence of active pneumonitis
    •  Patients must not have an active infection requiring systemic therapy
    •  Patients must not have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
    •  Patients must not have received live vaccines within 30 days prior to registration; examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, shingles, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), and typhoid (oral) vaccine; seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
    •  Patients must not have known active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prior to registration; patients who have completed curative therapy for HCV are eligible